Structural basis for recruitment of the adaptor protein APS to the activated insulin receptor.Hu, J., Liu, J., Ghirlando, R., Saltiel, A.R., Hubbard, S.R.
(2003) Mol Cell 12: 1379-1389
- PubMed: 14690593
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1097-2765(03)00487-8
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The adaptor protein APS is a substrate of the insulin receptor and couples receptor activation with phosphorylation of Cbl to facilitate glucose uptake. The interaction with the activated insulin receptor is mediated by the Src homology 2 (SH2) domain of APS. Here, we present the crystal structure of the APS SH2 domain in complex with the phosphorylated tyrosine kinase domain of the insulin receptor. The structure reveals a novel dimeric configuration of the APS SH2 domain, wherein the C-terminal half of each protomer is structurally divergent from conventional, monomeric SH2 domains. The APS SH2 dimer engages two kinase molecules, with pTyr-1158 of the kinase activation loop bound in the canonical phosphotyrosine binding pocket of the SH2 domain and a second phosphotyrosine, pTyr-1162, coordinated by two lysine residues in beta strand D. This structure provides a molecular visualization of one of the initial downstream recruitment events following insulin activation of its dimeric receptor.
Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine and Department of Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.